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New Jersey Sports Gambling Law

Overview

New Jersey Republican Governor Chris Christie declared on May 26, 2012, that sports gambling will be allowed in Atlantic City Casinos and New Jersey horse tracks beginning in October 2012. He is defying the federal government to sue the state.

According to Christi:

"If someone wants to stop us, then let them try to stop us. We want to work with the casinos and horse racing industry to get it implemented. Am I expecting there may be legal action taken against us to try to prevent it? Yes. But I have every confidence we're going to be successful."

Under current federal law there are four states where sports gambling is allowed: Nevada, Oregon, Delaware, and Montana. New Jersey seeks to declare itself a 5th, and if there is a lawsuit and it wins then sports gambling could be allowed nationwide.

Only Nevada allows legal gambling on NFL games. The other states exempted by the law have sports lotteries.



Politics

New Jersey's action is a potential bomb right before the November Presidential Election.

Ironically, the 1992 federal law prohibiting sports gambling was pursued by New Jersey Senator Bill Bradley. The law allowed states, and apparently New Jersey was in mind, to allow sports gambling within a year after the law passed. New Jersey the missed the deadline.

In 1999, two New Jersey state senators filed a lawsuit in federal court to have the law declared unconstitutional. Governor Christie refused to join the case so the State of New Jersey was not a party. In 2011 U.S. District Judge Garrett Brown tossed the case, ruling State Senators Stephen Sweeney and Raymond Lesniak did not have standing to bring the lawsuit. The judge said the state would have had standing.

On November, 2011, 64 percent of New Jersey votes approved a non-binding referendum to allow sports betting. The ballot measure asked:

"Shall the amendment to Article IV, Section VII, paragraph 2 of the Constitution of the State of New Jersey, agreed to by the Legislature, providing that it shall be lawful for the Legislature to authorize by law wagering at casinos or gambling houses in Atlantic City and at current or former running and harness horse racetracks on the results of professional, certain college, or amateur sport or athletic events, be approved?"
New Jersey then passed a law permitting sports gambling, which Governor Christie will enforce. This will create another lawsuit to determine if New Jersey's law is permitted, when a case is filed by the US Federal Government.



Super Bowl Impact?

The New York Jets and New York Giants both play in New Jersey and have a beautiful new stadium. The NFL awarded New Jersey Super Bowl XLVIII to be played in February 2014.

The NFL has long been a strident opponent of gambling. Since the league does not have any teams in Nevada it has been able to avoid direct conflict with sports betting. The NFL does not allow its teams to accept advertising from sports casinos.

The Super Bowl is the largest gambling event each year.

NFL spokesman Greg Aiello said on May 26, 2012: "We are continuing our Super Bowl planning and do not anticipate this having any impact." His statement was distributed by the NFL.com Wire Reports.



Legal Documents

2011 ruling New Jersey Senators lack standing to argue PASPA is unconstitutional



The Law - Federal Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act

Title 28 USC Section 3701
For purposes of this chapter -

(1) the term "amateur sports organization" means -
(A) a person or governmental entity that sponsors, organizes, schedules, or conducts a competitive game in which one or more amateur athletes participate, or

(B) a league or association of persons or governmental entities described in subparagraph (A),
(2) the term "governmental entity" means a State, a political subdivision of a State, or an entity or organization, including an entity or organization described in section 4(5) of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (25 U.S.C. 2703(5)), that has governmental authority within the territorial boundaries of the United States, including on lands described in section 4(4) of such Act (25 U.S.C. 2703(4)),

(3) the term "professional sports organization" means -
(A) a person or governmental entity that sponsors, organizes, schedules, or conducts a competitive game in which one or more professional athletes participate, or

(B) a league or association of persons or governmental entities described in subparagraph (A),
(4) the term "person" has the meaning given such term in section 1 of title 1, and

(5) the term "State" means any of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, or any territory or possession of the United States.
Title 28 USC Section 3702
It shall be unlawful for -

(1) a governmental entity to sponsor, operate, advertise, promote, license, or authorize by law or compact, or

(2) a person to sponsor, operate, advertise, or promote, pursuant to the law or compact of a governmental entity, a lottery, sweepstakes, or other betting, gambling, or wagering scheme based, directly or indirectly (through the use of geographical references or otherwise), on one or more competitive games in which amateur or professional athletes participate, or are intended to participate, or on one or more performances of such athletes in such games.
Title 28 USC Section 3703
A civil action to enjoin a violation of section 3702 may be commenced in an appropriate district court of the United States by the Attorney General of the United States, or by a professional sports organization or amateur sports organization whose competitive game is alleged to be the basis of such violation.
Title 28 USC Section 3704
(a) Section 3702 shall not apply to -
(1) a lottery, sweepstakes, or other betting, gambling, or wagering scheme in operation in a State or other governmental entity, to the extent that the scheme was conducted by that State or other governmental entity at any time during the period beginning January 1, 1976, and ending August 31, 1990;

(2) a lottery, sweepstakes, or other betting, gambling, or wagering scheme in operation in a State or other governmental entity where both -
(A) such scheme was authorized by a statute as in effect on October 2, 1991; and

(B) a scheme described in section 3702 (other than one based on parimutuel animal racing or jai-alai games) actually was conducted in that State or other governmental entity at any time during the period beginning September 1, 1989, and ending October 2, 1991, pursuant to the law of that State or other governmental entity;
(3) a betting, gambling, or wagering scheme, other than a lottery described in paragraph (1), conducted exclusively in casinos located in a municipality, but only to the extent that -
(A) such scheme or a similar scheme was authorized, not later than one year after the effective date of this chapter, to be operated in that municipality; and

(B) any commercial casino gaming scheme was in operation in such municipality throughout the 10-year period ending on such effective date pursuant to a comprehensive system of State regulation authorized by that State's constitution and applicable solely to such municipality; or
(4) parimutuel animal racing or jai-alai games.
(b) Except as provided in subsection (a), section 3702 shall apply on lands described in section 4(4) of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (25 U.S.C. 2703(4)).


The Law - New Jersey Law - 2011 Bill A4385

Amending Chapter 231 of the New Jersey Code, Approved January 17, 2012

C.5:12A-1 Definitions relative to sports wagering.

1. As used in this act:

"casino" means a licensed casino or gambling house located in Atlantic City at which casino gambling is conducted pursuant to the provisions of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-1 et seq.);

"Casino Control Commission" means the commission established pursuant to section 50 of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-50);

"collegiate sport or athletic event" means a sport or athletic event offered or sponsored by or played in connection with a public or private institution that offers educational services beyond the secondary level;

"division" means the Division of Gaming Enforcement established pursuant to section 55 of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-55);

"operator" means a casino or a racetrack which has elected to operate a sports pool, either independently or jointly;

"professional sport or athletic event" means an event at which two or more persons participate in sports or athletic events and receive compensation in excess of actual expenses for their participation in such event;

"prohibited sports event" means any collegiate sport or athletic event that takes place in New Jersey or a sport or athletic event in which any New Jersey college team participates regardless of where the event takes place;

"racetrack" means the physical facility where a permit holder conducts a horse race meeting with parimutuel wagering under a license by the racing commission pursuant to P.L.1940, c.17 (C.5:5-22 et seq.), and includes the site of any former racetrack;

"racing commission" means the New Jersey Racing Commission established by section 1 of P.L.1940, c.17 (C.5:5-22);

"sports event" means any professional sport or athletic event and any collegiate sport or athletic event, except a prohibited sports event;

"sports pool" means the business of accepting wagers on any sports event by any system or method of wagering; and

"sports wagering lounge" means an area wherein a sports pool is operated.

C.5:12A-2 Casino, racetrack may operate sports pool.

2. a. In addition to casino games permitted pursuant to the provisions of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-1 et seq.), a casino may operate a sports pool upon the approval of the division and in accordance with the provisions of this act and applicable regulations promulgated pursuant to this act. In addition to the conduct of parimutuel wagering on horse races under regulation by the racing commission pursuant to chapter 5 of Title 5 of the Revised Statutes, a racetrack may operate a sports pool upon the approval of the division and the racing commission and in accordance with the provisions of this act and applicable regulations promulgated pursuant to this act. Upon approval of the division and racing commission, a casino and a racetrack in this State may enter into an agreement to jointly operate a sports pool at the racetrack, in accordance with the provisions of this act and applicable regulations promulgated pursuant to this act.

With regard to this act, P.L.2011, c.231 (C.5:12A-1 et al.), the duties specified in section 63 of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-63) of the Casino Control Commission shall apply to the extent not inconsistent with the provisions of this act. In addition to the duties specified in section 76 of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-76), the division shall hear and decide promptly and in reasonable order all applications for a license to operate a sports pool, shall have the general responsibility for the implementation of this act and shall have all other duties specified in that section with regard to the operation of a sports pool.

The license to operate a sports pool shall be in addition to any other license required to be issued pursuant to P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-1 et seq.) to operate a casino or pursuant to P.L.1940, c.17 (C.5:5-22 et seq.) to conduct horse racing. No license to operate a sports pool shall be issued by the division to any entity unless it has established its financial stability, integrity and responsibility and its good character, honesty and integrity. No license to operate a sports pool shall be issued by the division to any entity which is disqualified under the criteria of section 86 of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-86).

No later than five years after the date of the issuance of a license and every five years thereafter or within such lesser periods as the division may direct, a licensee shall submit to the division such documentation or information as the division may by regulation require, to demonstrate to the satisfaction of the director of the division that the licensee continues to meet the requirements of the law and regulations.

b. A sports pool shall be operated in a sports wagering lounge located at a casino or racetrack. A sports wagering lounge may be located at a casino simulcasting facility. The lounge shall conform to all requirements concerning square footage, design, equipment, security measures and related matters which the division shall by regulation prescribe. The space required for the establishment of a lounge shall not reduce the space authorized for casino gaming activities as specified in section 83 of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-83).

c. The operator of a sports pool shall establish or display the odds at which wagers may be placed on sports events.

d. An operator shall accept wagers on sports events from persons physically present in the sports wagering lounge. A person placing a wager shall be at least 21 years of age.

e. An operator shall not admit into the sports wagering lounge, or accept wagers from, any person whose name appears on the exclusion list maintained by the division pursuant to section 71 of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-71) or on any self-exclusion list maintained by the division pursuant to sections 1 and 2 of P.L.2001, c.39 (C.5:12-71.2 and C.5:12-71.3, respectively). Sections 1 and 2 of P.L.2002, c.89 (C.5:5-65.1 and C.5:5-65.2, respectively), shall apply to the conduct of sports wagering under this act.

f. The holder of a license to operate a sports pool may contract with an entity to conduct that operation, in accordance with the regulations of the division. That entity shall obtain a license as a casino service industry enterprise prior to the execution of any such contract, and such license shall be issued pursuant to the provisions of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-1 et seq.) and in accordance with the regulations promulgated by the division in consultation with the commission.

g. If any provision of this act, P.L.2011, c.231 (C.5:12A-1 et al.), or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this act which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this act are severable.

C.5:12A-3 Employees, licensed, registered.

3. a. All persons employed directly in wagering-related activities conducted within a casino or a racetrack in a sports wagering lounge shall be licensed as a casino key employee or registered as a casino employee, as determined by the commission, pursuant to the provisions of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-1 et seq.). All other employees who are working in the sports wagering lounge may be required to be registered, if appropriate, in accordance with regulations of the division promulgated in consultation with the commission.

b. Each operator of a sports pool shall designate one or more casino key employees who shall be responsible for the operation of the sports pool. At least one such casino key employee shall be on the premises whenever sports wagering is conducted.

C.5:12A-4 Authority of division to regulate.

4. Except as otherwise provided by this act, the division shall have the authority to regulate sports pools and the conduct of sports wagering under this act to the same extent that the division regulates other casino games. No casino or racetrack shall be authorized to operate a sports pool unless it has produced information, documentation, and assurances concerning its financial background and resources, including cash reserves, that are sufficient to demonstrate that it has the financial stability, integrity, and responsibility to operate a sports pool. In developing rules and regulations applicable to sports wagering, the division shall examine the regulations implemented in other states where sports wagering is conducted and shall, as far as practicable, adopt a similar regulatory framework. The division, in consultation with the commission, shall promulgate regulations necessary to carry out the provisions of this act, including, but not limited to, regulations governing the:

a. amount of cash reserves to be maintained by operators to cover winning wagers;

b. acceptance of wagers on a series of sports events;

c. maximum wagers which may be accepted by an operator from any one patron on any one sports event;

d. type of wagering tickets which may be used;

e. method of issuing tickets;

f. method of accounting to be used by operators;

g. types of records which shall be kept;

h. use of credit and checks by patrons;

i. type of system for wagering;

j. protections for a person placing a wager; and

k. display of the words, "If you or someone you know has a gambling problem and wants help, call 1-800 GAMBLER," or some comparable language approved by the division, which language shall include the words "gambling problem" and "call 1-800 GAMBLER," on all print, billboard, sign, online, or broadcast advertisements of a sports pool and in every sports wagering lounge.

C.5:12A-5 Adoption of comprehensive house rules.

5. Each operator shall adopt comprehensive house rules governing sports wagering transactions with its patrons. The rules shall specify the amounts to be paid on winning wagers and the effect of schedule changes. The house rules, together with any other information the division deems appropriate, shall be conspicuously displayed in the sports wagering lounge and included in the terms and conditions of the account wagering system, and copies shall be made readily available to patrons.

C.5:12A-6 Agreements to jointly establish sports wagering lounge.

6. Whenever a casino licensee and a racetrack permit holder enter into an agreement to jointly establish a sports wagering lounge, and to operate and conduct sports wagering under this act, the agreement shall specify the distribution of revenues from the joint sports wagering operation among the parties to the agreement. The sums received by the casino from the joint sports wagering operation shall be considered gross revenue as specified under section 24 of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-24). The sums actually received by the horse racing permit holder from any sports wagering operation, either jointly established with a casino or established independently or with non-casino partners, less only the total of all sums actually paid out as winnings to patrons, shall be subject to an 8% tax to be collected by the division and paid to the Casino Revenue Fund created under section 145 of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-145) to be used for the funding of programs for senior citizens and disabled residents and to an investment alternative tax in the same amount and for the same purposes as provided in section 3 of P.L.1984, c.218 (C.5:12-144.1).

A percentage of the fee paid for a license to operate a sports pool shall be deposited into the State General Fund for appropriation by the Legislature to the Department of Health and Senior Services to provide funds for prevention, education, and treatment programs for compulsive gambling programs that meet the criteria developed pursuant to section 2 of P.L.1993, c.229 (C.26:2-169), such as those provided by the Council on Compulsive Gambling of New Jersey, and including the development and implementation of programs that identify and assist problem gamblers. The percentage shall be determined by the division.

7. Section 24 of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-24) is amended to read as follows:

C.5:12-24 "Gross revenue."

24. "Gross Revenue"-- The total of all sums actually received by a casino licensee from gaming operations, including operation of a sports pool, less only the total of all sums actually paid out as winnings to patrons; provided, however, that the cash equivalent value of any merchandise or thing of value included in a jackpot or payout shall not be included in the total of all sums paid out as winnings to patrons for purposes of determining gross revenue. "Gross Revenue" shall not include any amount received by a casino from casino simulcasting pursuant to the "Casino Simulcasting Act," P.L.1992, c.19 (C.5:12-191 et al.).

8. Section 4 of P.L.1992, c.19 (C.5:12-194) is amended to read as follows:

C.5:12-194 Establishment of casino simulcasting facility.

4. a. (1) A casino licensee which wishes to conduct casino simulcasting shall establish a simulcasting facility as part of the casino hotel. The simulcasting facility may be adjacent to, but shall not be part of, any room or location in which casino gaming is conducted pursuant to the provisions of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-1 et seq.). The simulcasting facility shall conform to all requirements concerning square footage, equipment, security measures and related matters which the Division of Gaming Enforcement shall by regulation prescribe. The space required for the establishment of a simulcasting facility shall not reduce the space authorized for casino gaming activities as specified in section 83 of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-83). The cost of establishing, maintaining and operating a simulcasting facility shall be the sole responsibility of the casino licensee.

(2) Wagering on simulcast horse races shall be conducted only in the simulcasting facility, which shall be open and operated whenever simulcast horse races are being transmitted to the casino hotel during permitted hours of casino operation.

(3) Any authorized game, as defined in section 5 of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-5), other than slot machines may be conducted in a simulcasting facility subject to the rules and regulations of the Division of Gaming Enforcement.

(4) The security measures for a simulcasting facility shall include the installation by the casino licensee of a closed circuit television system according to specifications approved by the Division of Gaming Enforcement. The Casino Control Commission and the Division of Gaming Enforcement shall have access to the system or its signal in accordance with regulations of the commission.

b. All persons engaged directly in wagering-related activities conducted by a casino licensee in a simulcasting facility, whether employed by the casino licensee or by a person or entity conducting casino simulcasting in the simulcasting facility pursuant to an agreement with the casino licensee and all other employees of the casino licensee or of the person or entity conducting casino simulcasting who are working in the simulcasting facility, shall be licensed or registered in accordance with regulations of the Casino Control Commission or the Division of Gaming Enforcement.

Any employee at the Atlantic City Race Course or Garden State Park on or after June 12, 1992, who loses employment with that racetrack as a direct result of the implementation of casino simulcasting and who has been licensed by the New Jersey Racing Commission for five consecutive years immediately preceding the loss of employment shall be given first preference for employment whenever any comparable position becomes available in any casino simulcasting facility, provided the person is qualified pursuant to this subsection. If a casino licensee enters into an agreement with a person or entity for the conduct of casino simulcasting in its simulcasting facility, the agreement shall include the requirement that such first preference in employment shall be given by the person or entity with respect to employment in the simulcasting facility.

c. A casino licensee which establishes a simulcasting facility and conducts casino simulcasting shall, as a condition of continued operation of casino simulcasting, receive all live races which are transmitted by in-State sending tracks.

d. Agreements between a casino licensee and an in-State or out-of-State sending track for casino simulcasting shall be in writing and shall be filed with the New Jersey Racing Commission and with the Division of Gaming Enforcement in accordance with section 104 of P.L.1977, c.110 (C.5:12-104).

9. This act shall take effect immediately.


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